Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) is also called the "Festival of Sacrifice", is the second of two Islamic holidays celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holier of the two.
It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God’s command. Before Abraham sacrificed his son, God provided a male goat to sacrifice instead.
In commemoration of this, an animal is sacrificed and divided into three parts: one third of the share is given to the poor and needy; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is retained by the family.
The Sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim
One night Ibrahim had a bad dream. He dreamt Allah told him to sacrifice Ismail.Ibrahim thought it was Shaytan playing nasty tricks on him. The next night Ibrahim had the same horrid dream.Ibrahim knew that Allah would only ask him to do such a thing if he had good reason.
Even though he loved his son dearly, he was prepared to do this difficult thing for Allah.Ibrahim told Ismail they had to go to Mount Arafat.
He took a knife and a rope with him.On the way they passed a place called Mina.
The devil, Shaytan, came to Ibrahim and tried to talk him out of sacrificing his son.
Ibrahim turned his back on him and would not listen. When they reached Mount Arafat, Ibrahim told Ismail what Allah wanted him to do. Ismail listened and accepted what was to happen.
He was an exceptional child. He too was a great prophet. Ismail told his father to tie his hands and legs and blindfold himself so he would not struggle and make his father even more upset than he was going to be and Ibrahim was blindfolded so he would not see his son suffer.
Ibrahim did as Ismail had said. He then took the knife and did what Allah had told him to do. When he took the blindfold from his eyes he looked down, not at his son but at a dead ram. Ismail was at his side. Ibrahim was afraid.
He thought he had disobeyed but then he heard a voice telling him not to worry.Allah looks after his followers. Ibrahim and Ismail had passed a difficult test.Each year, Muslims all over the world sacrifices Qurbani ( Udhiyah ) during Eid Al-Adha .
What is Qurbani?
Qurbani, or Udhiyah as it known in Arabic, is the word that describes the sacrifice of an animal to Allah (swt) during the period of Eid Al- Adha.
On Eid Al-Adha, which marks the completion of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, the Muslim world celebrates and honours the tradition of the Prophet Ibrahim (Alahi Salaam) by sacrificing an animal and distributing the meat to those in need.
Who should perform Qurbani?
The general rule is that Qurbani should be performed by adults of sane mind and affordable means. The Hanafi ulema say it is wajib (obligatory) while the other schools of jurisprudence say it is sunnah. However, it is generally agreed that if a person can afford Qurbani, they should perform it.If you have any questions or doubts about this aspect of Qurbani, please consult your local shaykh, imam or mosque.
What animals are sacrificed at Qurbani?
The animals to be slaughtered at Qurban are goats, sheep, cattle (cows or bulls), buffalo or camels. According to the rules of Qurbani, they can be male or female, but should be in good health, free from disability or handicap, and above a certain age.
Goats and sheep must be at least one year old, while cattle must be two years, and camels five years.
How many Qurbani animals do I have to sacrifice?
Qurban animals have shares. Sheep and goats have one share each, camels and cattle each have seven shares. So for a single person, Qurbani is fulfilled with a sheep or a goat. Up to seven people can share in the purchase of a cow or a camel, and the sacrifice will be made for the seven.
1 small animal (Sheep or Goat) = 1 Qurbani
1 large animal (Cattle) = 7 Qurbanis
You can make as many Qurbanis as you want – for example two or three shares in a cow - and on behalf of as many individuals as you like, including those who have passed away.
When is Qurbani performed?
Qurbani can be performed from the 10th day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah until the sun sets on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah. The best time is to perform the act of Qurbani is immediately after the completion of the Eid Al-Adha prayers.
How is Qurbani meat distributed?
Ideally, the meat from Qurban should be divided in three equal parts - one for the home, one for relatives and friends, and one for the poor and needy. The meat from Qurban can be distributed to the poor or rich, Muslim or non-Muslim.
However, because of the relative lack of poverty in Western countries, many Muslims prefer to have their Qurbani performed in poorer countries or those in dire need, and the meat to be distributed to the neediest or those suffering adversity and poverty.
Qortoba wishes All Muslims Eid Adha Mubarak