What is observed in the field of teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers is that many students face difficulty in communicating with others and the inability to express what is raging in their souls and thoughts. This is due to their severe weakness in the skill of Arabic conversation. Accordingly, this study came to find out the appropriate ways to teach the skill of Arabic conversation and to provide appropriate practical solutions to address the problem of weak students in it.
The descriptive-analytical method was used in this study; the study reached several results, including the most appropriate educational methods for conversational skills are the direct method, the problem-solving method, and the functional entrance method. This is because of its various methods, procedures, and activities that give students the skill of expression and train them to communicate with others.
The study also revealed some factors that cause students to make linguistic mistakes when speaking: lack of confidence to speak Arabic, feeling ashamed, fear of making a linguistic error while speaking, lack of a suitable environment for practising Arabic speaking, lack of daily use of Arabic, and lack of enthusiasm to learn Arabic.
In the end, the study made some recommendations, including the need to open the door for cooperation between institutions and universities concerned with spreading the Arabic language in finding joint educational programmes during which students of the Arabic language who speak other languages interact; From talk shows, educational conferences, and international competitions, various educational activities are held in it. This includes rhetoric, writing topics, summarising Arabic books, general information, writing stories, organising Arabic poetry on contemporary topics, and other recommendations mentioned in the research.
The Arabic language has become one of the international languages that many people rush to learn, which makes some educational institutions and international universities include their education in their academic colleges and scientific disciplines, in response to the desires of their students who speak other languages. Among them are academic, economic, diplomatic, political, security, cultural, social, and military ones, and the most acceptable for religious purposes.
This language, like other international languages, has learners who struggle to acquire language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
The main problems that prevent non-Arabic-speaking students from acquiring this language lie in the difficulties they face in acquiring their language skills.
If the main goal of learning a second or foreign language is communication, this confirms the role of speaking skills as one of those basic skills. Rather, the interest in removing these obstacles in front of students and searching for ways to treat them is essential.
Knowledge is no longer a problem, as it was in the previous century, and libraries and resources are no longer the only means of learning; rather, the world is moving toward precise skills, spending time, effort, and money for their acquisition, and qualitative training courses are organized for this as an area for realistic and necessary practice for the post-informative worker. At the top of the list of desirable specializations in the field of labor market, and that the development of social relations, economic systems, and the knowledge revolution have established new rules for building relationships and bridges of communication with others, in which language skills have a greater share, whether the skill is written, reading, or communicative.
Teaching Arabic to speakers of other languages is no longer based on dividing the language into branches, as it was prevalent until recently, which was sometimes dependent on the linguistic material and at other times on the method of teaching. Rather, the modern trend tends to teach language through skills, and this new trend emerged from the view of the function of language, which is communication in life.
Linguistic communication, like different communicative situations, consists of several elements: the sender; the receiver; the message; the medium, and each of these elements has an important role in the linguistic communication process; The sender synthesises the message he wishes to transmit in light of his linguistic experiences, while the receiver receives the message, decodes and interprets it in the light of his linguistic experiences, and the message emanating from the sender is either verbal, i.e. through sound waves, and here the sender is a speaker and the receiver becomes a listener, or that the message be written, that is, through light waves emitted from written material, and here the sender is a writer and the recipient turns into a reader.
Analyzing the language communication process in this way shows us that there are four language skills: listening skills, speaking skills, reading skills, and writing skills.
The problem of the research is that many non-Arabic-speaking students today suffer greatly from their poor proficiency in Arabic conversation, and if the main goal in learning languages is to communicate with others, which non-Arabic-speaking students suffer from speech problems need the most attention, and this study is a contribution in this area.
The significance of this research stems from the fact that it deals with an important aspect of Arabic language skills, namely, conversation, and it has been proven during experience in the field that the basic objectives for which he learns foreign language speaking students are communication, due to the great benefits of what depends on it.
This is one of the interests of people in this life, and God Almighty created them to get to know each other: يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ [سورة الحجرات:13]
One of the primary means by which people get acquainted is language. As people communicate, attention to removing the obstacles and problems that students suffer from is necessary, and from here the importance of this study that studies the problems faced by students of the Qur’an is evident.
As people communicate, attention to removing the obstacles and problems that students suffer from is necessary, and from here the importance of this study that studies the problems faced by students of the Qur’an is evident in Arabic and provides appropriate solutions to them.
The objectives of this research are the following:
1-Introducing the appropriate teaching methods for the skill of Arabic conversation for non-native speakers
2-Suggesting modern methods to address the speech problems of learners of Arabic who speak other languages