EID AL -FITR


Eid al Fitr is a Muslim festival that marks the end of Ramadan as so the month of fasting.

It starts on the first of the month of Shawl and ends on the third of Shawl.

It is an occasion with important religious significance, celebrating of the achievement of enhanced piety. Muslims celebrate the end of fasting but also they are grateful to Allah for the help and strength that they believe He gave them through Ramadan to help them fast and self-control.

The term Eid means festival or "celebration" in Arabic while the term Fitr means "to break the fast" .

So the term Eid al fitr means the celebration for the break of the fast or festival for the end of Ramadan
There are some expressions and names that have the same meaning as Eid Al –Fitr such as
Al-Fitr Bairam
the Feast of breaking the Ramadan fast
the Festival of Fast-Breaking
The Feast at the hend of Ramadan
Small Bairam

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, ". The one who fasts, experiences two joys: he feels pleasure when he breaks the fast. He is joyful by virtue of his fast when he meets his Rubb."

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه، قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏"‏ ‏"‏للصائم فرحتان يفرحهما‏:‏ إذا أفطر فرح بفطره، وإذا لقي ربه فرح بصومه

the night of Eid  starts after al magriub prayer of the last day of Ramadan , Muslims should say some Takbirat from this night till the magriub  of the last day of Eid.

Takbirat are as follows :

Allahu akbarullahu akbarullahu akbar, La ilaha illallah. ,Allahu akbar Allahu akbar wa lillahi-hamd. (3 Times)                Allahu akbaru kabira, Wal-hamdu lillahi kathira ,Wa subhanallahi Wa bihamdihi bukratawwa asila , La ilaha illallahu wahdah                ,Sadaqa wa^dah, wa nasara ^abdah Wa 'a^azza jundahu, Wa hazam-al-‘ahzaba wahdah , La ilaha illallah, Wa la na^budu illa Iyyah , Mukhlisina lahud-Dina Wa law karihal-kafirun        , Allahumma salli ^ala (sayyidina) Muhammad,               Wa^ala ali (sayyidina) Muhammad,        


Wa^ala as-habi (sayyidina) Muhammad ,Wa^ala ansari (sayyidina) Muhammad,               

Wa^ala azwaji (sayyidina) Muhammad, Wa^ala dhurriyyati (sayyidina) Muhammadiw , wa sallim tasliman kathira.               

Meaning of the Takbirat:-

Allah is Great

No one is God except Allah.

Allah is Great and Praise is due to Allah.

Allah is Great.

Many praise is due to Allah.

Praise to Allah at the beginning of the day and at the end of the day.

No one is God except Allah He fulfilled His promise and gave Victory to His slave.

He strengthened His soldiers and He alone defeated the Ahzab.

No one is God except Allah.

We do not worship anyone but Him.

Our worship is dedicated only to Him.

Even if the non-believers hate it.

We ask Allah to raise the status of (our master) Muhammad,

And the Al (Muslim wives and relatives) of our (master) Muhammad,

And the sahabah (Companions) of (our master) Muhammad.

And the Ansar (The people of Madinah who supported the Prophet) of (our master) Muhammad,

And the wives of (our master) Muhammad, And the descendents of (our master) Muhammad, and save the (Muslim) Nation of (our master) Muhammad.

How to perform salat Eid alFitr?

The Eid prayer consist of two rakats with six takbeers in congregation of Muslims followed by the Khutba of Eid.

Rakat
First make the Niyyah (intention) by reciting "I intend to doing two Rakats behind the Imam for Eid prayer.

Follow the Imam by raising both hands up to the ears, say "Allahu Akbar", this is the first Takbir to enter in the Salat.

Takbeer, Say "Allahu Akbar" (with the imam), then let the hands down for 7 times

then clasp the hands, listen to the imam reciting the Fatiha and a surah. After the Imam completed the Fatiha you quietly say "Ameen"

Go into Ruku (the bowing position) and You say "Subahaana Rabbiyal Azeem"

Stand up straight when he says "Sami Allahu liman Hamidah", and say "Rabbana lakal Hamd" in a low voice.

Go into the 1st Sajdah and You say "Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa'la"

Now sit-up from the first Sajdah in jalsa position (Sitting position between the two Sajdahs)

Now go into the 2nd Sajdah and You say "Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa'la"

Rakat

Rise up to proceed to the next raka'at,Takbeer, Say "Allahu Akbar" (with the imam), then let the hands down for 5 times

then Go into Ruku (the bowing position) and You say "Subahaana Rabbiyal Azeem" just after the fourth takbeer (Without removing the hands)

Stand up straight when he says "Sami Allahu liman Hamidah", and say "Rabbana lakal Hamd" in a low voice.

Go into the 1st Sajdah and You say "Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa'la"
Now sit-up from the first Sajdah in jalsa position (Sitting position between the two Sajdahs)

Now go into the 2nd Sajdah and You say "Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa'la" After this, you sit for the complete Tashshahud

Turning to your face to the right first and saying "Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah" and then to his left and doing the same.

On this day of the celebration, a typical Muslim family is awake very early and then after praying the first normal everyday prayer, is required to eat in a small quantity, symbolizing the end of Ramadan. They then attend special congregational prayers held only for this occasion in mosques, in large open areas, stadiums or arenas.  

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