As the Arabic Alphabet (Arabic Letters) is the reasonable starting point to learn Arabic Language, without the Alphabets we won’t be able to form words or sentences. the Arabic alphabet is actually a lot easier to learn than you might think.
The Arabic alphabet is al-ʾabjadīyah al-ʿarabīyah, الْأَبْجَدِيَّة الْعَرَبِيَّة Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing Arabic
Arabic Alphabet – some Information
- The Arabic alphabet contains 28 letters.
- Arabic is written from right to left.
- In Arabic short vowels are generally not written.
- Arabic letters change their shape according to their position in a word.
the differences between Arabic Alphabet & English Alphabet
|Point||Arabic alphabet||English alphabet|
|Number of letters||28 letters||26 letters|
|Direction of writing||Arabic is written from right to left.||English, of course, is written from left to right like this.|
|Sound of the letters||the letters always retain their sound||the English letters sound changes sometimes|
|Letter shape changes||Arabic letters change their shape according to their position in a word.||Do not change except if you are going to write a word cursively|
Take into consideration :-
1- The Arabic letters are 29 with the letter Hamza (ء), sometimes is regarded as a separate Letter
2- When you write in Arabic, it’s normally done in a cursive/script form, meaning that almost all the letters are connected and flow into each other.
The Arabic letters’ characteristics:-
a- Letters are connected to form words.
b- Words have vowels on it .
c- Some letters have dots on it.
d- The Arabic alphabet does not use upper or lowercase letters. However, each letter can be written differently based on its location in a word. There are four forms that each letter can take: 1- at the start , 2- in the middle , 3- at the end , 4- all by itself
E – Arabic Letters can be divided into two groups according to their position
Arabic Letters First Group
- Can’t be joined on the left side.
- Can be joined to a preceding letter but never to a following one.
- Then, all Arabic Letters in the Alphabet could be connected from both sides except the following mentioned Letters. (see table below)
Arabic Letters Second Group
Change shape according to their position in the word
Quick extra Information
- Arabic structure is different in Alphabet from any other Language.
- Letters in isolation and final are mostly the same in shape.
- Letters in the initial and medial positions are mostly the same in shape.
- There are many print forms, types of fonts and writing forms for Arabic; most common ones are the normal writing (ān-naskh – النَسخ ) and the other form is named ār-ruqa’a( الرِقعة ).
- ān-naskh writing form is more easy than arruqa’a.
- You can find the correct pronunciation in Arabic just from the spelling of the word. What you pronounce is what is written
This is the end of the first part of Arabic Alphabet , Hope it was useful .
Wait for more information about Arabic Alphabet in the second article .